You May know the feeling: when your head starts throbbing in the middle of a busy day, and soon even the faintest light and sound is unbearable, That’s Migraine, migraine is the 3rd most common illness in the world, affecting about 2 billion people worldwide.
Here we will discuss all about Migraines, why do migraines occurs, what causes migraines for males and for females and common pre-migraine symptoms.
What is Migraine
Migraine is a type of severe headache which is caused by a disorder of the nervous system in the brain. In fact, migraine (migraines) is a recurring pain in the head, especially affecting half portion of the head. When migraine occurs it nausea, vomiting and sensitivity to light and sound increases.
Migraines are also called “throbbing pains in the haddock” in which it feels as if there are hammers beating on the head. A person suffering from a migraine often has a severe headache problem, this pain can occurs in the back of the eyes, ears, nose and temple, although this pain can occur in any part of the head. Migraine pain also resultant in having reduced vision in some peoples.
While research has evolved, doctors still don’t know the exact cause of migraine headaches. Though the duration of its attack can range from a few hours to several days Although the exact what causes migraines is not known much, this condition is considered to be genetic.
Migraines are mainly of two types:
1: Classic Migraines | Migraine with Aura
In the case of a classic migraine, there are a number of symptoms that indicate that you are having a migraine attack, such as blurred vision before the onset of a headache, some also have symptoms of shoulder stiffness and irritation.
In the case of classic migraine, the blood vessels begin to shrink. In such a situation, it is good to contact the doctor immediately.
2: Non-Classic Migraines | Migraine without Aura
Non-classic migraines cause severe headaches from time to time, but other symptoms such as blurred vision, stiffness and irritation are not seen. In such a situation, taking painkillers along with the onset of headaches can bring relief.
What causes migraines and why do they occur?
The precise cause of migraine is unknown, but changes in the size of the blood vessels and the levels of neurotransmitter substances (chemical messengers) in the brain are thought to be responsible for the migraine.
In most cases, migraine affects to those people whose brains are abnormally sensitive to even the smallest changes from their ideal conditions in the environment or the body. Although we don’t fully understand the reason of what causes migraines and this abnormal brain sensitivity, we now believe that both migraine genes and environmental factors contribute greatly to the susceptibility to migraine.
What triggers a migraine headache?
A migraine headache can be triggered by many ways such as:
Emotional and physiological internal states such as: being happy or sad, stressed or relaxed, angry or loving, feeling lonely or being socially engaged, and being hungry, thirsty, tired or at the onset of menstrual cycle can all trigger a migraine.
External conditions such as: being exposed to bright or flickering light, loud noise, certain smell, changes in pressure, uncomfortable cold or heat, demanding physical effort, travel-related time-zone changes and insufficient sleep can also trigger a migraine.Below is a list of factors that many people believes that trigger their Migraine attack .
The biggest reason of migraine is considered to be the busy and runaway stressful lifestyle of the people where the whole life is full of stress and when people want to get rid of it slowly, it begin to change in the form of migraine.
2: Hormonal Changes
Estrogen hormone controls a chemicals in the brain that affects the sensation of pain. The menstrual cycle, pregnancy, perimenopause and menopause, and birth control pills can cause estrogen to rise and fall. These changes in estrogen levels can potentially trigger a migraine headache.
3: High intensity bad smell or Fragrance
High intensity scents and fragrances from certain products such as air fresheners, cleaners, deodorants, paint, smoke, perfumes etc may sometimes play a major role in migraine headaches.
4: Smoking or being around smoking
Both smoking and inhaling smoke can also trigger a headache. Because nicotine is a vasoactive substance, it “changes the size of blood vessels in the brain, and that can cause headache.”
5: Exercise or physical stress
Rotating your body quickly, turning your head suddenly, or bending over can all trigger migraine symptoms. Exercise-induced migraines can be triggered when engaging in tough sports such as weightlifting, rowing and even running.
6: Sleep patterns
Changes in sleeping patterns such as too much sleep, too little sleep, interruptions in sleep or poor quality sleep could all have an impact, because sleep, headache and mood all share common neurotransmitters.
Not drinking enough water or not consuming enough liquids can also impact migraines. It causes blood volume to drop which causes decreasing in the blood flow to the brain which results in migraine.
8: Flickering lights and Sound
Different types of light, including “flickering or pulsing lights, patterns, glare, bright lights, computer screens, TV, and movies,” can trigger migraine attacks. Too high intensity sound, in traffic or music which hurts the ears also triggers migraine.
9: Weather/Climate changes
Climatic or weather changes condition such as Grey skies, high humidity, rapid rising or falling in the temperatures and storms” can lead to migraine attacks.
10: Consuming Alcohol
Red wine is a well-known as migraine trigger, but all alcoholic drinks dilate blood vessels in the brain, which can lead to migraine attacks.
What are the stages of migraine?
Prodrome: 2 or 3 days before a migraine, you may be alert for subtle changes such as constipation, acute mood swings, food craving, neck stiffness, frequent urination, increased thirst, and frequent yawning.
Aura: It usually occurs during or before a migraine. They usually have signs such as zigzag vision, light vision, and brightness of light. Sometimes speaking disturbances may also be characterized. These symptoms may last for 20 to 60 minutes.
Attack: Migraine in this stage usually lasts 4 to 72 hours if it is not treated. The frequency of headache occurrence may vary from person to person. In this state, you may experience headache on both or just one side of your head, sensitivity to light, nausea, vomiting and fainting.
Post Drome: This is known as the last stage of a migraine. Many people feel weak and tired. People may also experience confusion, moodiness, dizziness, weakness, and sensitivity to light and sound.
What causes migraines in females?
Migraine is one of the leading serious health problems affecting women. Studies have shown that females have three times higher chances of getting migraines as compared to males.
Migraine in women is often associated with fluctuating hormone levels, these fluctuations can be due to pregnancy, menopause, and even around a woman’s menstrual cycle. In these cases, a woman may experience throbbing headaches. Women’s estrogen levels vary throughout their lives, with increases during fertile years and decreases afterwards.
Besides these, there are general factors such as :
Stress, changes in sleep pattern, change in weather, specific kind of foods, genes, etc. Also, the consumption of hormonal medicines like oral contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy also trigger migraines in females. Now i hope you may know what causes migraines in females let’s discuss about What causes migraines in males.
What causes migraines in males?
While migraine tends to be more prevalent in women, it also affects men, which among mostly is inherited by their parents and is genetic. Headaches that resembles migraine are common among athletes, military personnel, peoples doing hard physical activities, stressful jobs etc. These migraine-like headaches are called post-traumatic headache.
Now that we’ve explored and known some of the facts for What causes migraines in males, let’s now some examine pre-migraine symptoms that typically warn migraineurs of an oncoming attack.
Pre-migraine symptoms can vary based on the type of migraine. The two most common types of migraine are classified based on symptoms : migraine with aura or a “classic” migraine, and migraine without aura, also known as a “common” migraine.
A few hours before a migraine attack, you might experience :
- Pain areas: in the eyes, face, or neck
- Pain types: can be dull
- Headache: can be acute, frequent, or throbbing
- Visual: sensitivity to light, distorted vision, or seeing flashes of light
- Whole body: dizziness, light-headedness, or malaise
- Sensory: aura or sensitivity to sound
- Gastrointestinal: nausea or vomiting,
- Emotional and physiological: anxiety, depression, exhaustion
- Also common: irritability, nasal congestion or scalp tenderness
What is migraine aura?
A Migraine Aura is a common type of migraine featuring additional neurological symptoms. A migraine with aura is a severe headache that happens along with things like dizziness, a ringing in your ears, zigzag lines in your vision, or sensitivity to light. According to the Mayo Clinic, “migraine aura usually occurs within an hour before head pain begins, and generally lasts less than 60 minutes.”
Migraine with aura symptoms:
- Flashes of light
- Blind spots (scotomas)
- Shimmering stars
- Blurry vision
- Losses in vision
- Wavy or jagged lines
How to Avoid a Migraine | Prevention Tips for Migraine
As we have discussed what causes migraines below are some preventive tips to avoid migraine or to reduce the risk of getting getting migraine to some extent by making some changes in your lifestyle and diet.
- Always avoid temperature changes like if you use an air conditioner in the summer, do not get immediately into hot from cold and do not drink too much cold water due to high heat.
- If you are going out in the hot sun during the summer season, then avoid direct sunlight and use sunglasses or umbrellas.
- Avoid traveling more and more during the summer season.
- Drink 8 to 10 glasses of water, or you may have dehydration and dehydration is the biggest cause of migraine problem, so drink more and more water.
- Avoid eating such things during humid weather, which causes excessive sweating like tea, coffee etc.
- Do not eat too much chilli, keep blood pressure maintained and do not use birth control pills, if you want to take birth control pills, then take it in low doses.
- Every morning go for a walk, try to walk barefoot on grass as it reduces stress and if the stress is low then the hormones will also remain balanced which also reduces the migraine.
- Do yoga or pranayam for 30 minutes, you will get a lot of benefit from this, 10 minutes daily meditation is also very beneficial for migraine.
- Migraine patients should drink plenty of fluids i,e soup, lemonade, coconut water, buttermilk, etc.
- Eat plenty of fruits and green vegetables.
- Avoid taking tea, coffee and cold drinks etc. Taking them can increase migraine.
- Avoid the consumption of alcohol and chocolate. They also cause headaches.
- Rich oil-spiced food and fasting also increase migraine problems, so avoid it.
- Exercise improves sleep and reduces the frequency and intensity of migraine headaches, cycling is also beneficial for migraine sufferers.
Why do migraine attacks make you tired?
Fatigue or Tiredness is a top migraine symptom – just below head pain, sensitivity to light, difficulty concentrating, sensitivity to sound, and brain fog.
Migraine affects a part of your brain called the hypothalamus that controls your energy, metabolism, heart rate, blood pressure, breathing rate, and your sleep and wake periods. The prolonged disruption of normal functioning of this brain area makes you feel tired, exhausted and fatigued. But fatigue is not the only impact.
Are migraines dangerous?
While pain, light & sound sensitivity and other symptoms can severely impact migraineurs quality of life, migraine has not been considered to be otherwise dangerous.
However, a number of more recent case-control and cohort studies indicate that “migraineurs, particularly those with aura, have a higher risk of ischemic (but not hemorrhagic) stroke.” Fortunately, the incidence of such events remains very low.
OTC Medicines for Migraine
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: Drugs such as ibuprofen, aspirin, and naproxen fall into this category. Such drugs should be avoided for those who have a history of stomach bleeding and ulcers.
Acetaminophen: It is quite safe to take acetaminophen even if the migraine has a history of stomach bleeding and ulcers. However, this medicine should be avoided by those who have liver problems.
Combination Medicine: Some pain relievers such as Excedrin Migraine, which include acetaminophen and aspirin mixed with caffeine, are used to combat migraine.
Home Remedies for Migraine
Below are the some home remedies to get relief from migraine:
Benefit of Ice pack to Get Relief from Migraine
Ice pack is very beneficial for relieving swollen muscles due to migraine. Place a few pieces of ice cubes in a clean towel or ice bag and compress it on the back of the head, forehead and neck for 10-15 minutes. Use whenever is needed.
Benefit of Peppermint to Get Relief from Migraine
Peppermint has inflammation-reducing properties. Also, it helps calm and stabilize the mind. You can drink peppermint tea or a few drops of peppermint oil mixed with a teaspoon of honey in half a glass of water. Massaging the head and forehead with peppermint oil for 20-25 minutes is also beneficial in migraine headache.
Benefit of Apple Cider Vinegar to Get Relief from Migraine
Apple cider vinegar i,e apple vinegar provides relief in migraine. Drink a glass of water with a small spoon of apple vinegar and a spoon of honey. Drinking continuously for about 30 days will provide relief. Take 2-3 spoons when you have a migraine or when you have feel it is going to happen. It cleanses the body, controls sugar and blood pressure, reduces weight and also relieves bones and joints pain.
Benefit of Basil Oil to Get Relief from Migraine in Hindi
Everyone is familiar with the natural properties of Basil but we can tell you that Basil oil is also very effective in migraine pain. The use of basil oil helps in relieving the pain of migraine. Basil oil relaxes the muscles thereby reducing stress and relieving pain.
Benefit of Lavender Oil to Get Relief from Migraine
It is a home remedy for both general headaches and migraine pain. People believe that its fragrance is very effective for migraine. Smelling a few drops of lavender oil in hot water provides great relief.
Ginger to Get Relief from Migraine
Ginger helps in relieving symptoms such as nausea or vomiting during a migraine. Apart from this, it also reduces swelling and pain, peel and chop ginger and boil it in water and refrigerate it by adding a few drops of honey and lemon in this water.
Coriander to Get Relief from Migraine
Coriander is used in almost every household, which not only helps to increase the taste but also helps in digesting the food. Coriander has been used since ancient times as a medicine for migraines. Tea prepared from coriander seeds is also very beneficial in migraine.
Changes in Daily Diet to Get Relief from Migraine
Making some changes in your daily diet also helps in reducing headaches and migraine pain. The person suffering from migraine could use peanut butter i.e. peanut butter instead of ordinary butter, as well as avocado, banana and citrus fruit etc. are also beneficial.
Head Massage to Get Relief from Migraine in Hindi
It is said that head massage is a very effective way to relieve stress. To reduce the pain of migraine, massaging the back of the head relieves the pain of migraine. The massage also helps in increasing blood circulation in the body which reliefs migraine pain.
Also Read: Benefits of Basil Seed for Migraine
So friends, this was our post today on Migraine: What causes migraines, its symptoms, prevention tips and home remedies. Hope you have understood everything about migraine, if you liked our post, then please comment and share with friends so anyone in need can get help from this post.