How safe is the COVID-19 vaccine | COVID-19 vaccine: Common questions | COVID-19 vaccination: Frequently asked questions


Covid-19 Vaccine: Vaccination campaigns have started across the country to prevent the corona epidemic. During this time, many types of questions are arising in the mind of peoples regarding the Covid vaccine, but it is difficult to find the exact answer. In view of this problem of the people, we have come up with answers to all kinds of questions related to the Covid-19 vaccine. Here the complete information related to the effect, safety, efficacy of the vaccine as well as which people should wait to apply the vaccine.

Let’s first, know about the effects and safety of the vaccine.

About The Vaccine

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1. Are COVID-19 vaccines safe?

Yes, Kovid-19 vaccines are safe. Vaccination may help prevent the development of severe COVID-19 related disease and prevent death due to it.

2. Do COVID-19 vaccines affect pregnancy and breastfeeding?

No, COVID-19 vaccines have no effect on pregnancy and breastfeeding. The CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention) has reported that pregnant and lactating women may apply the Corona vaccine. According to the CDC, pregnant people are at greater risk of getting covid, so they must be vaccinated.

At the same time, the Government of India says that there has been no study on pregnant women and breastfeeding women regarding the vaccine. How the effect of the covid vaccine will affect them is not certain. In such a situation, pregnant and lactating women should avoid vaccination at the moment.

3. Will COVID-19 vaccines alter my DNA?

No, COVID-19 vaccines do not alter or affect your DNA in any way.

4. What is the safety and efficacy of vaccines used in the country?

Covid-19 vaccines have been trialed in three phases before use, so they are completely safe. In addition, people were initially monitored for their health for four to six weeks after being vaccinated to see if they had adverse effects. Based on this, both Indian vaccines are considered safe. Feeling of fever and feeling weak after being vaccinated are common mild symptoms.

Talk about the effect, initially the efficacy of Covishield was found to be 70.42%. However, it is now said to be 90 percent effective. At the same time, it has been found to be 81% effective during clinical trials of COVAXIN. The Indian government says that most vaccines have shown 70 to 90 percent efficacy in just two to three months. However, to assess their efficacy, follow-up of vaccination must be carried out for at least one to two years.

5. Comparison of All Covid Vaccine


Only two vaccines are being used in India. It contains one Covishield and the other Covaxin. Understand these from the chart below.

CompanyOriginStorageDoseInterval Between Vaccines
CovishieldScientists from Oxford University and AstraZeneca have prepared. Then it was produced by the Serum Institute of India in India. +2 to + 8⁰ C are stored and transported on cold chains.TwoThe time between two doses of the Covishield vaccine is four to eight weeks.
CovaxinMade by India’s own biotech company.+2 to + 8⁰ C are stored and transported on cold chains.TwoIts second vaccine is taken four to six weeks after the first dose.

6. What should be the time period between vaccine doses?

Covaxin should be taken within four to six weeks of taking the first vaccine and a second dose of covaxin within four to eight weeks.

7. What are the side effects of a vaccine?

Some mild side effects may occur after taking the vaccine, some of which are as follows:

  • Mild headache
  • Pain or swelling in the injected area
  • mild fever
  • Irritability

Who Will Get The Vaccine

1. How do I know if I am eligible for vaccination?

In the initial phase, the COVID-19 vaccine was applied only to healthcare and other front-line workers. Then during the second phase of vaccination that began on March 1, 2021, Indians between the ages of 45 and 59 above 60 and suffering from more than one disease were allowed to be vaccinated. Subsequently, from 1 April 2021, the introduction of COVID-19 vaccine to people above 45 years of age began. Now from May 1, 2021, the facility has been started for all citizens between the age of 18 to 44 years.

2. Do I have options to choose a vaccine?

No, at present there is no option to select the vaccine. The vaccine is being supplied to various parts of India as per the availability and distribution plan. For this reason, the option to select the vaccine is not currently available.

3. Who can get COVID-19 vaccine?

People over 18 years of age can get the Covid-19 vaccine.

4. Will everyone be given the COVID-19 vaccine simultaneously?

No, the government has made a phased plan regarding the vaccine. Under this, vaccination was given to health workers and frontline workers in the first phase. After that, the vaccine is also available to people above 18 years of age while doing so in the same way. Just to find out how safe this vaccine is for children, there are still some clinical trials i.e. clinical trials underway.

5. Can a person currently with COVID-19 (confirmed or suspected) infection be vaccinated?

Confirming Covid-19 or visiting suspected vaccination sites increases the risk of corona from others. For this reason, the infected should go to the vaccination center for vaccination only 3 days after the corona has started showing symptoms.

6. Is it necessary for a person who has recovered from COVID-19 to take the vaccine and why do I need to be vaccinated if I had COVID-19 infection and have been treated?

Yes, despite a previous history of infection with COVID-19, it is advisable to take a full dose of the COVID-19 vaccine. The vaccine helps develop a strong immune response against the disease but does not develop a corona-fighting immunity after COVID-19. This is why COVID-19 is said to take the vaccine even after infection. Just note that the vaccine should be administered only after 4 to 8 weeks after curing symptoms of COVID.

How will we be vaccinated?

1. How are one or more of the many vaccines available?

All drug regulators examine clinical trial data regarding the safety and efficacy of the covid vaccine. The vaccine is licensed only after being satisfied with the investigation. These licensed vaccines are the only ones selected for vaccination. This is why all licensed COVID-19 vaccines are safe and effective. It should be ensured that the entire process of vaccination should be completed with only one type of vaccine. Different vaccine vaccines of COVID-19 cannot be used interchangeably.

2. Is it necessary to follow any kind of things while vaccinating?

Yes, it is advisable to rest at the vaccination center for at least half an hour after applying the COVID-19 vaccine. If any inconvenience or discomfort is felt after this period, the nearest health authorities / ANM / ASHA should be informed. Note that even after the COVID-19 vaccine, corona-related guidelines, such as wearing masks, washing hands, and maintaining physical distance (6 feet or two yards) are required.

Vaccination registration


1. Where should I register for vaccination?

Register for the vaccination on the Co-WIN portal and take an appointment by selecting one of the time slots for vaccination. Some state governments have also given exemption from taking time slots, but registration is mandatory.

2. How do I pre-register myself online for a Corona vaccination appointment?

Online registration can be done through the Co-Win portal. For this, consider the following things.

  • Some basic information and photo identity proof will have to be given for online registration.
  • Four people can register with one phone number, but it will be compulsory to give their identity proof of each person.
  • If someone has used the Aadhaar card as an identity card, the data associated with it will be recorded after taking consent from the person.
  • Through the portal, you can choose the time according to your nearby covid center and your busy schedule.
  • For all this, you have to enter the OTP that comes on the mobile. After inserting the OTP, registration will be done and a confirmation slip and token will come on the mobile via SMS.
  • The appointment will be the only pre-registration method for all private hospitals.
  • Some slots will be available for online registration and appointment for government hospitals, the rest will be placed on-site for registration and vaccination.

3. If I cannot pre-register myself online, how will the registration and vaccination take place?

Those who are not able to register online, they can contact their local government health workers. On the same day, he will provide all the help related to the selection of the government center for registration, appointment, verification, and vaccination. Just in the meantime, you have to carry your mobile phone and a photo identity card.

4. Can a person obtain the COVID-19 vaccine without registering with the Health Department?

No, registration is mandatory for the vaccination of the COVID-19 vaccine. Once registered, the date and time of the notification and vaccine session will be shared with the beneficiary. Vaccination centers will have a provision for walk-ins, but they will also have to be registered on-site before vaccination.

5. What documents are required for registration of eligible beneficiaries?

Photo ID proof with phone number is required. You can submit these documents at the time of registration as identity Proof:

  • Aadhar Card
  • driving license
  • Health insurance smart card issued under the scheme of the Ministry of Labor
  • Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MNREGA) Job Card
  • Official ID card issued to MPs / MLAs / MLCs
  • pan card
  • Passbook issued by bank/post office
  • Passport
  • Pension related documents
  • Service Identity Card issued to employees by Central / State Government / Public Limited Companies
  • Voter ID

6. Will beneficiaries get information before and after vaccination?

Yes, information related to the COVID-19 vaccine is sent via SMS to the registered mobile number. After taking all the doses of the vaccine, a QR code-based certificate will be sent to the beneficiary’s registered mobile number.

7. Will I get any certificate that I have been vaccinated?

Yes, a temporary certificate will be provided after the first dose. After taking the second dose, a link is sent to the beneficiary to download the digital certificate of vaccination. After this, the certificate can be downloaded and saved in Digi-Locker.

Let us now take a look at the things that should be known before getting vaccinated.

What to expect before vaccination

1. Who should wait for vaccination?

People under the age of 18 must now wait for vaccination. In addition, those with a weakened immune system, the severely frail elderly, those with severe allergic reactions to vaccines, pregnant and lactating patients should be vaccinated by asking a doctor.

2. Whether or not a vaccine can be given to HIV-infected patients?

HIV-infected patients are advised to consult a doctor before taking the Corona vaccine.

3. How long should one avoid taking drugs before applying the COVID-19 vaccine?

At the moment, no such instructions have been issued. The person can continue his regular medication.

4. Is corona vaccination harmful to people struggling with chronic diseases?

Vaccination is not harmful to chronic diseases such as chronic disease, such as cardiovascular, neurological, pulmonary (lung), metabolic, renal, and malignancy (malignant cancerous tumors) disease. In fact, to reduce the risk of severe COVID-19 disease and death, COVID-19 vaccines should also be used for people undergoing chronic disease. Just note that a person struggling with these diseases should get vaccinated only after consulting a doctor.

5. If someone is taking medicines for diseases like cancer, diabetes, high blood pressure, etc., can he take the COVID-19 vaccine or vaccine for a person suffering from diabetes / high blood pressure/kidney disease/heart disease/lipid disorder, etc? Is safe?

Yes, individuals with one or more of these conditions are placed in the high-risk category. They are required to take the COVID-19 vaccination. Overall, vaccination has been considered safe and effective for adults struggling with these diseases. However, before getting vaccinated against the disease, please consult a physician.

What to expect after vaccination

1. Do I still need to take care of masks and other COVID-19-related prescriptions even after taking the vaccine?

Yes, after even getting the COVID-19 vaccine, it is important to follow the corona-related guidelines. It is necessary to wear masks, maintain two yards distance, and hand sanitization to avoid infection to oneself and those around them.

2. What happens after the corona vaccine?

Mild fever, headache, vomiting, and swelling, and pain in the injection site may occur after applying the Corona vaccine.

3. How long will I be safe after vaccination?

The duration of the immune response in vaccinated individuals has not yet been determined. For this reason, it is advisable to continue using masks, washing hands, creating physical distance, and following other COVID-19 appropriate behaviors.

4. Does vaccination protect me from the new strains of SARS-CoV 2 and the mutated virus?

After vaccination, the body makes more than one type of antibody as a reaction, one of which is also a spike protein. For this reason, all vaccines can be considered capable of fighting against mutated viruses. Based on the available data, reported mutations are not likely to make vaccines ineffective.

5. Does the covid vaccine protect against black fungus, white fungus, and yellow fungus?

Covid vaccine protects against these fungus, there is no such information available. They are treated separately with the help of drugs and injections.

6. In how many days does vaccination initiate an adequate immune response and provide protection?

An immune response may take 2 to 3 weeks after taking both doses of either the Corona Vaccine i.e. COVISHIELD® or COVAXIN®.

7. Who should be contacted in case of side effects due to the vaccination of covid-19?

You can contact the Immunization Center if you see side effects of vaccination of covid-19. In addition, the nearest health authorities / AANAM / ASHA should be informed.

8. Can the covid test comes positive after applying the vaccine?

No, the corona test report does not come positive after any authorized COVID-19 vaccination. Yes, when the immune response starts developing in the body after the vaccine is applied, some antibody test results may come out positive. This test shows that there was a corona-related infection in the body before and there is some level of protection against that virus in the body. By the way, experts are currently looking at how COVID-19 vaccination may affect antibody test results.

9. Should I avoid drinking alcohol after taking the COVID-19 vaccine?

According to experts, there is no evidence that alcohol reduces vaccine effectiveness. However, keeping in mind health, it is advisable not to drink alcohol and not to smoke.


These were some of the common questions associated with the COVID-19 vaccine, which often arise in people’s minds. We hope you will be satisfied with the answers to all these questions related to corona vaccination. All these answers are given on the basis of information provided by the government and scientific institutions. You can also share this article with your loved ones and help them get accurate information related to the corona vaccine. Also wear a mask and follow two yards distance.

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