Spondylitis, sometimes referred to as “spondyloarthritis”, is a form of arthritis that typically occurs in the spinal cord, although it can also affect other joints. In fact, the term “spondylitis” is associated with a group of related diseases whose progression and symptoms are the same, but these diseases affect different areas of the body.
It causes severe inflammation of the vertebrae that eventually lead to severe pain and disability. In many severe cases, a new bone may form on the spinal cord due to inflammation (bone spur). Spondylitis affects men more than women.
One of the problems caused by spondylitis is that people suffering from it have back pain while not resting or sleeping at night. When spondylitis develops within the spinal cord, there is extreme swelling in the vertebral column.
Ankylosing spondylitis is one of the rarer forms of arthritis and is more common in men than women. It is an inflammatory disease that causes inflammation between the vertebrae which causes severe pain.
Ankolosing spondylitis over time can cause new growth of bone between vertebrates and make the spine stable and permanent. Some cases of ankylosing spondylitis affecting the eye, heart, lungs and kidneys have also been found.
Ankylosing Spondylitis Symptoms
Symptoms of primary ankylosing spondylitis are some pain and stiffness after waking up in the morning or after a rest period. Symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis may worsen over time. The most common symptoms of ankylosing are:
- Stiffness in the waist as soon as you wake up in the morning
- Bad posture
- Shoulder tilt (read more – do this to increase shoulder flexibility)
- loss of appetite
- mild fever
- Weight Loss
- iron deficiency
- Impact on lung function (Read more – What is lung infection)
- Pain in hips joints
- Pain in shoulder joints
- Joint pain between the base of the spine and the pelvis
- Lower back pain in vertebrae
- Spinal pain
- Excessive bone mass, commonly called bony fusion, can affect daily activities (read more – treatment of heel bone growth)
- Vision problems
- eye bag
- Eye reddening
- Pain in ligament and tendon
- Compression fracture (vertebral damage)
- Pain behind the heel (where nerves and ligament connect)
- Pain in cartilage between the chest bone and the ribs (read more – treatment of rib pain)
- Pain that aggravates while resting or upon waking up in the morning and is reduced by physical activity and exercise.
Causes of ankylosing spondylitis
Why does Ankylosing Spondylitis occur?
The cause of spondylitis is currently unknown. A gene called HLA-B27 is found in most people with spondylitis. Although people with this gene are more likely to develop spondylitis, it is also found in those who do not have this gene.
This disorder is genetic, so genetics also play a role in its occurrence. If a person has a history of the disease in his family, he is more likely to suffer from spondylitis. Some of the causes associated with spondylitis can be:
- Pre-inflamed joints and tissues, which can further aggravate problems caused by spondylitis.
- Not exercising
- Being obese
- Drink too much
- Chronic waist problems such as degenerative discs or spinal stenosis (read more – What is a Discectomy)
Ankylosing Spondylitis Risk Factors
The following factors increase the risk of spondylitis:
- Age: Spondylitis mostly occurs in adolescents and young adults.
- Heredity: The HLA-B27 (human leukocyte antigen) gene is found in most people with spondylitis. However, in many cases people who do not have these genes have also been found to suffer from spondylitis.
- Gender: Men are more susceptible to this disease than women.
Prevention from Ankylosing Spondylitis
What are the measures to avoid spondylitis?
There is no way to avoid spondylitis because the cause of it is not known. However, if you have this disease, then you can take the following remedies for the problems caused by it:
- Eat healthy food
- Maintain normal body weight
- Always be tight
- Exercise because it helps maintain flexibility
Since people with spondylitis can easily suffer neck or back injuries, special care must be taken to avoid tremors (such as jumping or falling).
Conventional treatments, along with a healthy lifestyle, can help reduce the speed and impact of the disease.
Ankylosing Spondylitis Diagnosis
How is spondylitis tested?
This type of arthritis test may take longer. A rheumatologist is often consulted to help test spondylitis. These doctors specialize in the treatment of arthritis.
Physical examination of the patient is done first. For the correct determination of the disease, doctors may ask you to bend your back in various ways. The doctor may examine your chest circumference (circumference). Doctors search for the painful part by pressing different parts of your pelvis. The doctor will also ask for information about your pain and symptoms.
After this, the doctor may ask for the following tests and scans to determine further treatment:
- X-ray of the back and pelvis
- MRI scan
- Blood tests and other lab tests to check for inflammation and other fears
- A blood test called erythrocyte sedimentation rate can also be done to detect any inflammation. Blood tests can also be done to find the protein HLA-B27. However, the HLA-B27 test does not mean that you suffer from spondylitis. It only determines whether the gene that produces this protein is present in your body.
Ankylosing Spondylitis Treatment
There is no direct treatment for spondylitis, but there are treatments that can reduce the discomfort and help improve physical activity. The goal of treatment is to reduce pain and stiffness, maintain good posture, prevent deformity, and preserve the ability to perform normal activities. Osteostomy and fusion may also be performed to treat patients with severe deformities.
Spondylitis can have the following treatments:
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are drugs like naproxyn (Naprosyn) and indomethacin (indocin) that doctors use the most to treat such a condition.
If pain and discomfort still persist, doctors may prescribe TNF (tumor necrosis factor) blockers.
Physiotherapy is the most common and best non-surgical method to treat spondylitis by improving flexibility and physical strength.
The operation is recommended to patients suffering from chronic spondylitis. Most cases of spondylitis can be treated without surgery.
Ankylosing Spondylitis Natural Remedies
In addition to traditional medical treatments, some natural remedies can also help reduce the pain caused by spondylitis. These treatments can also be used alone or they can also be combined with other treatments. Talk to the doctor about which treatments are safe and best for you to do together. The following natural remedies are able to give you relief:
- Doing yoga is considered extremely useful in spondylitis.
- Range-of-motion (speed limit) exercises, as well as strength-training exercises, can help reduce symptoms of spondylitis. Both these exercises can strengthen the joints and help them to be more flexible. Doctors can also refer you to a physical therapist so that you can learn how to do these exercises properly.
- Stretching makes your joints more flexible and improves strength. This causes less joint pain and improves the speed limit.
- Spinal cord stiffness can lead to problems with poor posture. Over time, spinal fusion may cause hump problems. Risk of this can be reduced by practicing good posture.
- A heating pad or hot water bath helps reduce pain and stiffness in the spine and other affected joints. Ice packs reduce inflammation and pain in joints.
- Acupuncture can relieve pain and other symptoms of spondylitis. In this, natural hormones that relieve pain are activated.
- In addition to being relaxing and encouraging, the massage helps you maintain flexibility and improve your speed range. The massage therapist must state that you are suffering from spondylitis. They are aware of sensitive points around the spinal cord.
- A healthy lifestyle is also a treatment for spondylitis.
- Daily exercises and posture exercises are said to help you maintain flexibility and range of motion. Each of the following exercises can help reduce symptoms of spondylitis
These actions can be part of a holistic treatment that includes medicine and physical therapy.
Apart from this, people suffering from spondylitis should also avoid tobacco products, smoking as these habits further aggravate the problem.
Must Read: Uses of basil seeds for bone strenghten
Ankylosing Spondylitis in Women
In Females, ankylosing spondylitis can affect areas other than the spine as well as it develops slowly — making it difficult in the diagnosis of ankylosing spondylitis in women.
Ankylosing spondylitis has been considered more of a man’s disease, yet the truth is that it affects some women, too.
The geneof ankylosing spondylitis, HLA-B27, is found equally in males and females. However, ankylosing spondylitis is 2 or 3 times more common in men than women.
What are the Ankylosing Spondylitis symptoms females?
Ankylosing spondylitis is a form of arthritis. Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic inflammatory sickness that influences your backbone and joints, inflicting ache and limiting vary of motion.
The most common symptoms of Ankylosing spondylitis symptoms females include:
- pain in the spine, lower back
- pain in the neck, and hips
- pain in ankles and knees
- stiffness after relaxation or sleep
- systemic issues, like inflammatory bowel disease and psoriasis
If left undiagnosed and untreated, symptoms can get severe, however not everyone with ankylosing spondylitis develops spinal fusion or complications.
How long does it take for The diagnosis Of the Ankylosing Spondylitis symptoms females?
It takes longer for diagnosis Of the Ankylosing Spondylitis symptoms females than it does for men.A combination of different factors is responsible for this delay for females.
A rheumatologist usually makes the diagnosis of Ankylosing Spondylitis. There’s no single test for Ankylosing Spondylitis, so Diagnosis involves a detailed patient history and physical exam including:
- individual and family medical history
- evaluation of symptoms
- physical examination
- imaging tests such as a CT scan, MRI scan, or X-ray
- blood work
How Ankylosing Spondylitis in Women Is Treated
Treatment options are similar for both men and women. Medications for ankylosing spondylitis symptoms include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) as the first line of attack to help stiffness, neck pain, and back pain in women.
something stronger becomes necessary, most doctors turn to disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs like corticosteroids and sulfasalazine. Exercise is also very important in retaining flexibility and keeping pain at bay. Maintaining good posture, using heat to reduce soreness and using cold to lessen swelling also can help.
Ankylosing spondylitis home remedies
There are various ankylosing spondylitis treatments offered in home remedies for ankylosing spondylitis;
- Regular practice of ankylosing spondylitis exercises performed by physiotherapists and yoga
- Maintain good posture while sitting, standing or sleeping
- A warm bath with Epsom salt will relax the muscles and provide relief from ankylosing spondylitis
- Massage can prove to be relaxing and will relieve stress
What to Eat and Avoid if You Have Ankylosing Spondylitis
A healthy diet plays a crucial role in building and maintaining healthy bones for everyone. But if you have ankylosing spondylitis, it became even more important for you to pay attention towards what you eat and drink.
Foods to Eat
Below is list try to incorporate these bone health-promoting foods into your daily diet:
Foods rich in calcium :
- Low-fat dairy such as milk, yogurt, and cheese
- Canned fish with bones
- Leafy greens
Vitamin-D rich foods
- Fatty fish such as rainbow trout
- Cod liver oil
- Fortified foods such as orange juice, milk and cereal
Foods to Avoid
Below are some foods listed that you should try to limit or avoid for bone health:
- Salty foods
- Foods high in sugar
Ankylosing Spondylitis Risks & Complications
What are the complications caused by spondylitis?
Increased spondylitis can cause the accumulation of a protein called amyloid in the kidneys and can also result in kidney failure. Kidney disease can cause extreme fatigue and nausea and may also require the removal of waste products (waste products) accumulated in the blood by a filtering machine (dialysis).
If spondylitis is left untreated, the following complications may occur:
- The vertebrae may fuse together due to severe and excessive inflammation.
- Inflammation, including hips and shoulders, can spread to nearby joints.
- Inflammation can spread to the ligament and tendons (nerves), which can affect flexibility.
- Shortness of breath
- Eye irritation
- Damage to the heart, lungs, or bowel (read more – What is bowel incontinence)
- Compression fracture may also occur in the spinal cord.
In rare and severe cases, spondylitis can also affect the aorta, a large artery connected to the heart. Swollen aorta can damage the heart.
I hope by this article you’ll get all the necessary information regarding the Ankylosing Spondylitis especially for women, and the best home remedies and practices by which the effect of ankylosing Spondylitis can be lessen, though i would suggest you all that at-least once a year visit rheumatologist for examination.
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