It is common to forget small things in the course of everyday work. Yes, if someone starts forgetting even important things, then it can be a symptom of Alzheimer’s. People suffering from this disease are not even with their loved ones, because all the things and memories of their minds start erasing. Regrettably, there is no exact cure for this amnesia ie Alzheimer’s. This disease becomes more severe with time, but with medicines and home remedies for Alzheimer’s disease, its symptoms can be reduced somewhat. For this reason, in this article, we have brought all the information related to Alzheimer’s disease.
What is Alzheimer’s disease?
Alzheimer’s disease is a neurological disorder. Due to this, brain cells start dying and destroying, which affects memory and daily activities. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia. Symptoms of Alzheimer’s are less in the early stages, but over time this problem becomes severe. Usually, this disease occurs after 60 years.
Young people are also believed to get Alzheimer’s disease, but this is not common. However, the cause of Alzheimer’s disease is still not clear, so scientists are doing a lot of research on this matter. It was also revealed in research that Alzheimer’s disease can also be a kind of autoimmune disease, in which the body’s immune system itself starts destroying neurons.
Stages of Alzheimer’s Disease
Broadly speaking, Alzheimer’s is divided into 7 stages. We are telling about all these seven stages in detail here.
Stage 1: No Cognitive Impairment
During this, there is no problem related to memory. Even doctors are not able to detect this stage, because during this stage the affected person usually does not show any symptoms.
Stage 2: Very Mild Decline
In this stage, Alzheimer’s affected person feels that his memory is decreasing and he is forgetting familiar words, places, and names of people. For example, a place to keep keys, glasses, and other everyday things and forgetting the names of friends.
Stage 3: Mild Cognitive Decline
At this stage, the patient’s mental (cognitive) behavior changes. The memory and concentration of the person start decreasing. The doctor can detect this stage during the test. Such patients forget the names of family and close people and cannot remember their names when they meet new people. Along with this, the ability to make any plan starts decreasing and they lose the goods or keep them in some wrong place.
Stage 4: Moderate Cognitive Decline
During this, individuals largely forget about the recent events. In this stage, there is a decrease in the ability to pay any kind of bill, do money-related works. At the same time, the person starts forgetting the past related to himself.
Stage 5: Moderately Severe Cognitive Decline
In this stage, the symptoms of Alzheimer’s become more visible. Many new problems start happening, such as problems in remembering the mobile numbers, home addresses, dates, months, and weather, and forgetting counting, etc. In this stage, a person remembers his name and the names of his family members. Also, there is no problem with eating food and using the toilet.
Stage 6: Severe cognitive decline
At this stage, memory problems become severe enough to affect daily activities, such as having trouble getting dressed and using the bathroom. Generally, during this time a person forgets the name of his family, but remembers his name and recognizes acquaintances as well. You may also have to face trouble falling asleep at this stage.
Stage 7: Late stage (Very severe cognitive decline)
This is the final stage of Alzheimer’s disease. In this, the person loses the ability to react, speak and control the body. However, sometimes the victim utters words or short sentences. During this time the person needs help with eating and going to the toilet. Along with this, the ability to walk, get up and sit without assistance is also almost lost. Apart from this, the muscles also become stiff and there may be problems in swallowing food.
Symptoms of Alzheimer’s Disease
Amnesia, which affects it every day, is not a normal part of aging. This can be a symptom of Alzheimer’s. In such a situation, if anyone in the house is struggling with forgetfulness, then it is important to be alert. Below we are telling some signs and symptoms, as soon as they appear, it is necessary to contact the doctor for the treatment of amnesia.
- memory loss
- Failure to recognize family members
- trouble doing household chores
- trouble speaking and understanding
- Confusion about time and place and lack of recognition
- Decrease and loss of decision-making ability
- loss of thinking ability or trouble
- losing things
- change in behavior
- personality changes
- low self-esteem
- forgetting to brush teeth and comb hair
- becoming anxious and aggressive and angry over time
Causes of Alzheimer’s Disease
Although the exact cause of Alzheimer’s disease is not known, research shows that some changes in the brain cause Alzheimer’s disease. These could be some possible reasons for this.
- Non-functioning and destruction of nerve cells of the brain and nervous system.
- It is believed that not getting enough sleep can also lead to Alzheimer’s disease in the future.
- The accumulation of tau protein and beta-amyloid amino acids in the brain.
- Neuropil threads (abnormal neuronal processes).
- This problem can also occur due to Synapse Loss. The synapse is the neuronal junction through which neurons communicate with each other.
- Oxidative stress can also be a factor.
Home Remedies for Alzheimer’s Disease
There is no exact cure for Alzheimer’s disease yet. Yes, the symptoms of Alzheimer’s can be reduced with the help of some home remedies. These are some of the home remedies for Alzheimer’s Disease.
1. Ginkgo Biloba (Ginkgo)
Ginkgo Biloba Leaves or Supplements
How to use:
- Finely grind the leaves of Ginkgo biloba.
- Now take out half a cup of juice from this paste and drink it.
- Its supplement can also be consumed on the advice of the doctor.
How it is beneficial
Ginkgo biloba can be used for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. According to scientific research published on the website of NCBI (National Center for Biotechnology Information), ginkgo Biloba can improve cognitive function. This may help in the treatment of Alzheimer’s. At present, more research is needed on Ginkgo biloba to determine its properties that can cure Alzheimer’s.
2. Vitamin E
Vitamin E-rich foods or supplements
How to use:
- Foods rich in Vitamin E can be consumed directly.
- Vitamin-E-rich foods include almonds, sunflower seeds, spinach, kiwi, and green leafy vegetables.
- In addition to vitamin E, supplements can be taken on the advice of a doctor.
How it is beneficial
Vitamin E may prove helpful in improving the condition of Alzheimer’s. A scientific study published in this regard has given that oxidative stress can also be a cause of Alzheimer’s. In such a situation, vitamin E can play an important role in the prevention of Alzheimer’s and reducing its symptoms.
According to a study done on Alzheimer’s, vitamin E is not only able to relieve oxidative stress, but can also have good effects on memory and brain health. In addition to vitamin-E-rich foods, vitamin-E supplements of 3 to 15 mg can also be taken on the advice of a doctor.
- one teaspoon turmeric powder
- a glass of warm milk
How to use:
- Mix a teaspoon of turmeric powder in a glass of warm milk.
- Mix it well and then drink.
- This mixture can be consumed once daily.
How it is beneficial
The curcumin polyphenol compound present in turmeric may play an important role in the treatment and prevention of Alzheimer’s. In fact, curcumin has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and lipophilic effects, which can improve brain function. Also, curcumin can improve memory by preventing the destruction of neurons. For this reason, the use of turmeric is considered helpful in reducing the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease.
Foods and Supplements Rich in Omega-3 Fatty Acids
How to use:
- Consume food containing omega-3 fatty acids daily.
- Foods rich in omega-3s include fish, flaxseed, walnuts, soy, and chia seeds.
- Its supplement can also be taken on the advice of the doctor.
How it is beneficial
Omega-3 fatty acids may help increase brain function and activity. According to animal research, this fatty acid can reduce beta-amyloid (an amino acid that accumulates in neurons) and prevent damage to neurons caused by Alzheimer’s disease. For this reason, the consumption of foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids is considered beneficial when mild symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease are seen.
5. Coconut Oil
two tablespoons coconut oil
How to use:
- This oil can be used for cooking.
- Apart from this, you can also massage the scalp by heating coconut oil lightly.
How it is beneficial
Coconut oil can also be used to get some relief from Alzheimer’s disease. According to research published on the NCBI website, coconut oil can improve brain function. This may help reduce the symptoms of Alzheimer’s. More scientific research is needed to know which properties of coconut oil help with this.
Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease
Alzheimer’s disease is difficult to diagnose, but with the help of a doctor at the right time, this problem can be detected. For this, the doctor may suggest the following diagnostics:
- It can be diagnosed by physical and nervous system examination.
- To diagnose Alzheimer’s disease, the doctor may ask about the medical history.
- To diagnose this problem, a mental function test can be done on the advice of a doctor.
- Alzheimer’s disease can also be diagnosed by CT scan and MRI.
- Apart from this, the help of Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scan can also be taken.
Treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease
We have already mentioned above that there is no cure to cure Alzheimer’s disease. Yes, to reduce its symptoms, the doctor may recommend taking some medicines, which are as follows.
- The doctor may prescribe Cholinesterase Inhibitors to reduce the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease.
- For the symptoms of this problem, the doctor can give medicines that control the glutamate chemical compound. In fact, excessive production of glutamate can cause brain cells to die, which increases the risk of Alzheimer’s.
- Doctors may also recommend taking N-methyl D-aspirate (NMDA) antagonists to relieve symptoms of Alzheimer’s.
How To Take Care Of An Alzheimer’s Patient
You can adopt these tips to take care of a person suffering from Alzheimer’s problem. This may lead to some improvement in the condition of Alzheimer’s.
- Spend time with the person suffering from this problem and discuss old things with them.
- Monitor their driving ability. If possible, you can also hire a driver.
- Give a healthy diet to Alzheimer’s patients. It would be good to give green vegetables and fruits for this.
- Help them with their daily work. Such as shopping and taking medicines.
- Get regular checkups done for Alzheimer’s patients.
- Give them emotional support.
- Eat a diet low in fat and rich in omega 3 fatty acids.
risk Factors of Alzheimer’s Disease
Cerebrovascular disease is also a risk factor for Alzheimer’s. This disease can block the supply of blood and oxygen to the patient’s brain and blood vessels. In addition, having a disorder called blood vessel-related vasculopathy also increases the risk of Alzheimer’s. Along with these diseases, other risk factors for Alzheimer’s are as follows.
- head injury
- environmental impact
- high blood pressure
- smoking and obesity
- having certain genes in the body associated with Alzheimer’s disease
- Women are at higher risk of Alzheimer’s
- Heart and blood vessel problems caused by high cholesterol
- having someone in the family or close relatives with Alzheimer’s disease
Ways to Avoid Alzheimer’s Disease
Along with getting treatment for forgetfulness, it is also necessary to make some changes in the routine of Alzheimer’s patients. These changes can reduce the symptoms of early-stage Alzheimer’s disease as well as protect healthy people from this disease.
- keep up with regular exercise and other physical activities
- Keeping blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels low
- Eat a balanced and healthy diet, especially Mediterranean ie GM diet
- Cycling, horse riding and swimming in free time
- participating in mindfulness activities
- prevent head injury
- take part in social activities
- avoid depression and stress
- quit smoking
- controlling weight
- sleep well
It is very difficult to deal with Alzheimer’s and to handle the person affected by it. In such a situation, with the help of the information given in this article, you can know how to understand Alzheimer’s disease and take care of the patient. We understand that accepting the changes associated with Alzheimer’s disease in loved ones is not easy, but don’t give up during this difficult time. With the help of the information given in this article, you stand by Alzheimer’s patients by giving them emotional and mental support. Also, follow the advice given by the doctor.
frequently asked Questions
When to see a doctor for Alzheimer's?
As soon as the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease mentioned above in the article are seen, the doctor should be contacted immediately. The sooner Alzheimer’s disease is detected, the sooner it can help control the condition by diagnosing it.
Difference between Alzheimer's disease and dementia
Dementia can cause memory loss, confusion, personality changes, and trouble with everyday activities. There are several types of dementia, the most common of which is Alzheimer’s disease. Most people suffering from dementia have Alzheimer’s. Both of these problems are related to memory
Could New Alzheimer's Symptoms Cause Trouble Handling Other Health Conditions?
Yes, new symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease that appear suddenly – such as forgetting names, making decisions, forgetting to brush teeth – can make other health conditions more difficult to treat.
How much will Alzheimer's disease progress over time?
Alzheimer’s disease can become more severe over time, as new symptoms begin to appear. At the same time, there comes a time that a person loses the ability to speak and understand anything. The rate at which this condition becomes severe depends on each patient. This rate may vary from person to person.
How to diagnose Alzheimer's with the help of Peanut Butter?
The aroma of peanut butter may help in the detection of Alzheimer’s disease. If a person showing signs of Alzheimer’s disease does not smell peanut butter, then he is believed to have Alzheimer’s disease.
How long can Alzheimer's patients live?
Patients can live from 3 to 20 years after having Alzheimer’s disease.
Do Alzheimer's patients sleep a lot?
No, Alzheimer’s patient may have trouble sleeping at night.
How does a person with Alzheimer's feel?
In Alzheimer’s disease, a person may feel lonely. In this condition the memories become weak, so that he is not able to recognize people properly.